Mount Moriah in the Hasmonean period


The Seleucids from Syria conquered Jerusalem and the Temple Mount in around 200 BC. In order to control the Jewish population, they built a fortress in 168 BC, to the south of the Temple Mount, called the Akra. In 141 BC, Simon the Maccabee demolished this hated fortress and leveled the mountain on which it was built, incorporating the whole area into the Temple Mount complex. After this extension to the south, the Temple was no longer square in shape.

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