Mount Moriah in the Herodian period


In 19 BC King Herod the Great, began the most ambitious building project of his life, the rebuilding of the Temple in lavish style. To facilitate this, he undertook a further expansion of the Hasmonean Temple Mount by extending it on three sides, to the north, west and south. A visualization of this Temple Mount was made possible by combining the historical sources with the results of archaeological exploration.
Herod extended the Eastern Wall of the Temple Mount to the north and south, while The Western Wall was placed some 82 feet (25 m) outside the square platform. At the northwest corner, the massive Antonia Fortress was built to protect the Temple against attacks coming from the north.

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